In Java 8 and later versions, the `reduce()`

method is available in the `Stream`

API to perform a calculation on a list of numbers or any other elements. This method allows aggregating a stream’s elements into a single result using a specified binary operator. This can be used for various calculations like addition, multiplication, maximum, minimum, etc. So, In this tutorial, we will see **“How to use the ‘REDUCE’ method in Java 8?”**how to use the reduce() method in Java 8 to perform a calculation on a list of numbers

How to use the reduce() method in Java 8 to perform a calculation on a list of numbers? Click To Tweet

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 | /** * 'Reduce' method in Java 8 * @author Deepak Verma * */ import java.util.Arrays; import java.util.List; public class ReduceExample_Java8 { public static void main(String[] args) { List<Integer> numbers = Arrays.asList(1, 2, 3, 4, 5); // Case 1: Sum of all numbers int sum = numbers.stream() .reduce(0, (a, b) -> a + b); System.out.println("Sum: " + sum); // Case 2: Multiplication of all numbers int multiplication = numbers.stream() .reduce(1, (a, b) -> a * b); System.out.println("Multiplication: " + multiplication); // Case 3: Maximum number int max = numbers.stream() .reduce(Integer.MIN_VALUE, (a, b) -> Integer.max(a, b)); System.out.println("Maximum: " + max); // Case 4: Minimum number int min = numbers.stream() .reduce(Integer.MAX_VALUE, (a, b) -> Integer.min(a, b)); System.out.println("Minimum: " + min); } } |

**Output:**

1 2 3 4 | Sum: 15 Multiplication: 120 Maximum: 5 Minimum: 1 |

### find first non repeated character in a string using Java 8

In the example above, we use the `reduce()`

method on the `Stream of Integers`

generated from the `List of Integers`

. The `reduce()`

method takes two arguments: the identity (starting value for the reduction) and the binary operator (lambda expression) that defines how to combine two elements. The binary operator here takes two arguments and returns the result of the operation.

Note, that for the `reduce()`

method, you must provide an identity value that is a neutral element for the binary operator. For example, the identity for addition is 0, and the identity for multiplication is 1.

By using the `reduce()`

method, you can perform various calculations on a list of numbers in a concise, robust and functional way.

Use of Reduce() method in Java 8..!!! Click To Tweet

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