In Java 8 and later versions, the reduce() method is available in the Stream API to perform a calculation on a list of numbers or any other elements. This method allows aggregating a stream’s elements into a single result using a specified binary operator. This can be used for various calculations like addition, multiplication, maximum, minimum, etc. So, In this tutorial, we will see “How to use the ‘REDUCE’ method in Java 8?”how to use the reduce() method in Java 8 to perform a calculation on a list of numbers

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In the example above, we use the reduce() method on the Stream of Integers generated from the List of Integers. The reduce() method takes two arguments: the identity (starting value for the reduction) and the binary operator (lambda expression) that defines how to combine two elements. The binary operator here takes two arguments and returns the result of the operation.

Note, that for the reduce() method, you must provide an identity value that is a neutral element for the binary operator. For example, the identity for addition is 0, and the identity for multiplication is 1.

By using the reduce() method, you can perform various calculations on a list of numbers in a concise, robust and functional way.


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  • Deepak Verma

    Deepak Verma is a Test Automation Consultant and Software development Engineer for more than 10 years. His mission is to help you become an In-demand full stack automation tester. He is also the founder of Techndeck, a blog and online coaching platform dedicated to helping you succeed with all the automation basics to advanced testing automation tricks.